The Order

The Red Cross of Constantine, or as it’s more formally known, the Masonic and Military Order of the Red Cross of Constantine and the Appendant Orders of the Holy Sepulchre and of St John the Evangelist is a Christian Order and part of Freemasonry generally.

Those joining are referred to as candidates and must already be members of Craft Freemasonry and Royal Arch Freemasonry. Candidates must be members of the Christian religion and will need to declare their belief in the Christian doctrine of the Holy Trinity.

The Masonic and Military Order of the Red Cross of Constantine comprises of a series of ceremonies.  The first ceremony or admission to the Order, is known as an Installation of a “Knight of the Red Cross of Constantine”. Candidates become Knight Companions.

Following their admission candidates undertake two further ceremonies known as the “Appendant Orders“. Thereafter, for those progressing, a further two ceremonies are undertaken, all of which are under the control of the Grand Imperial Conclave of the Order.

First Degree – Knight-Companion

On admission to the Order a member becomes a Knight-Companion, or a Knight of the Red Cross of Constantine. This ceremony is referred to as installation. The ceremony is performed in a ‘Conclave’. A Conclave is the name given to any assembly of members of the Order’s first ceremony.

The ceremony is short and simple, but teaches valuable moral lessons to the candidate, based upon the story of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great and the Battle of the Malvian Bridge.

Second Degree – Priest-Mason

On election to serve as Viceroy, which is the equivalent of the second in command in a Conclave, a member must be admitted to the second ceremony, by which he becomes a Venerable Priest-Mason, or an Installed Eusebius.

This ceremony is performed in a ‘College’ of Priests-Mason. A College is the name for any assembly of members of the Order’s second ceremony. The ceremony is spiritual in nature, and incorporates openly religious symbolism and ritual.

Having received this status, an Installed Eusebius or Priest-Mason is entitled to serve as Viceroy in his own, or any other, Conclave or College. However, it is more normal for this to be conferred on those elected to serve as Viceroy of a Conclave, although exceptions are possible by dispensation.

Third Degree – Prince-Mason

On election to serve as Sovereign (Equivalent of Master) a member must be admitted to the third ceremony, by which he becomes a Perfect Prince-Mason. The ceremony is performed in a ‘Senate’ of Prince-Mason.

Having completed this ceremony the Prince-Mason is entitled to serve as Sovereign in his own, or any other, Conclave or Senate. Except by dispensation, this ceremony is only ever conferred on those elected as Sovereign. As with all masonic ceremonies, it may only be conferred on a person once and may be followed by a restricted ceremony for anyone becoming Sovereign for a successive time.